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Undersized Weld

Definition

The weld button/nugget diameter does not meet applicable specifications. (The weld nugget is the fused volume that joins the workpieces. The button is the material remaining attached to the fused area after destructive sheet separation.)

Description

Undersized Weld Figure - Production Engineering

Detection

The button diameter is determined by measurement after teardown; nugget diameters may be determined by sectioning the weld. Consult the applicable specification for appropriate measurement method and size requirement.

Significance

Quality, Workplace Issues, Cost, Downtime, Maintenance, Throughput (cycle time; PPH), are all potentially affected by this condition. Special considerations are noted below:

  • Quality: Button diameter is the key measure used to control spot weld quality in the plant.

Possible Causes

Strong Possibilities

Weak Possibilities

Undersized Weld

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